Infants and children can experience the same conditions as adults, but certain skin concerns are more common, or even unique to them.
Our doctors treat children for port wine stains, hemangioma, other types of birthmarks, rashes, acne, acne scars, and more.
Treating skin conditions in infants and children requires a different approach than adults. As you can imagine, young children and infants lack the ability to communicate what they are feeling in the same manner that adults or older children can. Our team of board-certified dermatologists are experts in how skin conditions uniquely affect infants and children and which treatments are the safest and most effective, using an approach that is age-appropriate, positive, and friendly.
Benefits of Pediatric Dermatology
By treating your child’s skin issues at the onset, they can not only enjoy stronger, healthier skin as they grow older, but pediatric dermatology can also prevent your child’s skin from forming scars or developing worse symptoms in the future. Untreated skin issues can also cause a child to develop anxiety or low self-esteem. By helping your child have the healthiest, clearest skin possible, you are helping them grow to become confident in their own skin.
The physicians at the Laser & Skin Surgery Center of New York are renowned experts in the area of port-wine stain and birthmark treatments and are world leaders in the treatment of hemangiomas and other vascular malformations, allowing us to treat numerous patients that may not find help elsewhere. In Manhattan, New York, we feature more than 100 laser devices, a full-time, on-site research division devoted exclusively to investigative pursuits, and a warm and friendly office designed with families and young children in mind, making each patient feel comfortable and welcome. Visit ncbi.nlm.nih.gov to learn more about pediatric dermatology.
Port-wine birthmarks or stains are blue, pink, or red markings on the skin that are frequently present at birth. Most port-wine birthmarks occur on the face, scalp, neck, arms, and legs, but the markings can occur anywhere on the body. Most of these birthmarks do not pose a serious medical concern and are typically removed for cosmetic reasons, but they can progress if left untreated and are occasionally an indication of an underlying condition.
We treat patients of all ages including young infants, but treating during early infancy allows for more complete clearing than is seen with older patients. Treatments can begin as early as several days of age. Dr. Geronemus and the physicians at the Laser & Skin Surgery Center of New York pioneered the treatment of infants with port-wine birthmarks. Early intervention can lead to a faster and more complete response to treatment and minimize the requirements for anesthesia.
While we offer all options for anesthesia, we can usually perform the treatment during infancy without anesthesia as the procedure is usually well tolerated by babies. Our dermatologists are also experts at the placement of protective ocular shields in the office setting, allowing for the safe treatment of the upper and lower eyelids during infancy.
We frequently use the pulsed dye laser (Vbeam Perfecta and Vbeam Prima) for treatments. Broadband light therapy (BBL) is an alternative option, and the Excel V laser is used for thicker port wine stains in older patients. We also use GentleLase, Alexandrite, and Nd:YAG. Our doctors will be able to recommend the best device for each case.
Learn more about Port-Wine Stains.
Hemangiomas are the most common type of vascular birthmark in infants and children, consisting of an abnormal cluster of small blood vessels that appears on or under the skin, typically within one to three weeks after birth. They are most commonly found in twins and premature babies. While hemangiomas are universally benign and fade away on their own, there are hemangiomas―particularly those that are large and occur near the child’s eyes, nose, or mouth―that will need early treatment to prevent difficulties in seeing, breathing, eating, or causing permanent scars. Treatment at our Manhattan, New York medical center often begins early in infancy and will require multiple treatments.
Hemangiomas are frequently treated through pulsed dye and vascular lasers such as Excel V, ND:YAG, Vbeam Perfecta™ Pulsed Dye Laser, and Vbeam Prima®
Learn more about Hemangiomas.
Pigmented birthmarks are the result of large concentrations of melanin in one spot and are usually brown in color. Some types of pigmented birthmarks include Café-au-lait spots, which are are light tan in color, and Nevus of Ota, which is typically brown or blue and appears around the eyes. Pigmentation can also occur in the whites of the eyes. Dr. Geronemus treats patients of all ages, including infants and toddlers. He believes that early intervention is the most effective way to successfully treat vascular birthmarks, using safe, fast, and comfortable treatments in his office. Lasers used for the treatment of birthmarks include Erbium: YAG, Fraxel Dual®, ND:YAG, PicoPlus®, PicoSure™, Ruby, Vbeam Perfecta™ Pulsed Dye Laser, and Vbeam Prima®. We offer topical anesthesia and local anesthesia for this procedure, but anesthesia is not always necessary.
Learn more about Birthmarks.
Sometimes referred to as dermatitis, we characterize rashes as any swelling or irritation of the skin. Often appearing red, scaly, dry, and oftentimes itchy, childhood rashes are common and aren’t usually a cause for concern. However, rashes may make infants uncomfortable and irritable. Rashes are also difficult to differentiate by appearance alone, therefore, it is important to seek medical attention to make the proper diagnosis. Common causes of rashes include eczema and psoriasis.
Eczema is a condition that causes the skin to become red, dry, bumpy, and itchy. The most common type is atopic eczema, which mainly affects children but can continue into adulthood. Psoriasis, on the other hand, is a chronic skin condition that causes red, flaky, patches of skin with silvery scales. There is no cure for psoriasis, but treatment can help most people control the symptoms. When mild to moderate cases don’t improve with topical medications, treatment with an Excimer Laser is an excellent alternative. Treatments are very tolerable and only take 5-10 minutes.
Learn more about Psoriasis.
Acne and Acne Scarring
Acne may occur when pores clog or when bacteria that are normally on the surface of the skin get into the clogged pores. Acne is very common (about 8 in 10 preteens and teens have acne, along with many adults) and can develop almost anywhere on the body. Researchers have found it also affects more than the skin, as adolescents with severe acne often develop depression, anxiety, poor self-image, and low self-esteem. Treatment options for acne range from topical and oral medications to chemical peels and cortisone injections. We are also accepting volunteers for a clinical study using a new laser for patients with active acne.
In addition to active breakouts, kids and teenagers are also often left with residual scarring once the acne clears. The more severe the acne, the more visible the scars can be. Early acne treatment is recommended to avoid permanent damage to the skin. In Manhattan, New York, our dermatologists use a wide variety of lasers and devices to treat acne scars. Some of the devices used to treat scarring include:
- Fraxel Re:store Dual
- Active FX and Deep FX
- Infini Genius RF Microneedling
- Fraxel Re:pair
- Clear + Brilliant
- Clear + Brilliant Permea
- Pulsed-dye laser
Schedule a Consultation with a Dermatologist for Your Child Today
If your child could benefit from dermatological treatment for any of the above concerns or something else, contact our Manhattan or Southampton office today to schedule a consultation.
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