Actinic keratosis is a scaly, rough patch on your skin that develops from excessive exposure to the sun.
Actinic keratosis (AK) is a skin condition that can sometimes develop into squamous cell carcinoma. It often appears in groups of several growths, surfacing on areas of the body that are regularly exposed to sunlight (e.g., scalp, back of hands, face, ears, back of forearms, the neck, and the shoulders). They come in the form of red scales, raised patches, crusty patches, or a sandpaper texture. Detecting AK early gives the patient the opportunity to treat the lesion and prevent skin cancer before it starts. If diagnosed early, almost all actinic keratoses can be successfully removed.
what does actinic keratosis look like?
Symptoms of actinic keratosis:
- Rough and dry skin lesion
- Patch or growth on the skin
- Limited to one area (localized)
- Located on the face, scalp, back of the hands, chest, or other sun-exposed areas
- Gray, pink, red (erythematous), or the same color as the skin
- Begins as flat and scaly areas
- Later develops a hard and wart-like or gritty, rough, and “sandpapery” surface — may develop a horn-like texture
what treatments are available?
Devices used to treat this condition:
The following topical therapies are also used:
- Efudex (5-fluorouracil)
- Aldara (imiquimod)
- Picato (ingenol mebutate)
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Questions and Answers
Q: Can I Reduce My Chances of Getting Actinic Keratosis?
A: Limiting your exposure to the sun can reduce your chances of developing actinic keratosis. Wearing sunscreen daily can also reduce your chances of developing actinic keratosis.
Q: Can Actinic Keratosis Develop Into Cancer?
A: Yes. If left untreated, it is possible for a squamous cell carcinoma to develop. Treatment is recommended as soon as possible to avoid this possibility.
Q: How Fast Does Actinic Keratosis Develop?
A: Actinic keratosis can take years to develop.
Q: Who Is At Risk For Developing Actinic Keratosis?
A: Everyone is susceptible, but precautions can be taken to reduce your chances. Excessive sun exposure, family history, fair skin and/or light eyes can greatly increase an individual’s chance of developing skin cancer.
Q: How Much Does Treatment Cost?
A: Treatment costs vary by patient. Contact your dermatologist to figure out a treatment that is best for you.
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